The written records of Salish, Pend d'Oreille, and Kootenai Indian history between 1907 and 1911 are dominated by continued complaints against allotting and opening the reservation. A long string of letters and a series of delegations to Washington, DC, left no doubt that the Indian leaders and tribal members opposed the opening. Tribal members recognized that the allotment policy was driven by white men's greed and desire to get tribal assets at bargain prices. Most of the complaints that made it to the Indian Office files are from, or were initiated by, Sam Resurrection.
To make matters even worse, in 1908 Senator Joseph Dixon secured funding for the Flathead Irrigation Project. The project would destroy most of the private irrigation ditches the Indian farmers had dug over the years and make the tribes pay for the construction of the irrigation project, which mainly benefited white homesteaders. The tribes fervently protested against this use of their assets--the land--to reward Dixon's political backers. The allotment and opening of the Flathead Reservation devastated the new tribal economy based on livestock and agriculture.
Browse our collection of inspired creations from Indigenous North America at birchbarknativearts.com.
Digital gift cards are a wonderful way to show someone you care. Good for purchases made on this website.
Listen to your favorite books while supporting independent bookstores with our audiobooks partner Libro.fm.
Sign up for our monthly newsletter!