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The Death and Life of the Great Lakes
  • Price: $27.95
  • Hardcover
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WW Norton
Pub Date: 2017
ISBN: 9780393246438
Dan Egan
The Death and Life of the Great Lakes
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The Death and Life of the Great Lakes

by Dan Egan

"The Death and Life of the Great Lakes reads like a mystery -- how on earth will people and the lakes themselves defeat invasive species like the sea lamprey, zebra and quagga mussels, alewives? Egan makes the story of each battle epic, full of colorful characters and bold acts. A reporter for the Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, Egan knows how to pare a story to its most interesting elements. Having finished the book, I immediately started over. (I can't remember the last time I've done that.) More questions: Will the deep troughs, now drains, that have been mistakenly engineered to assist large vessels, draw down the lakes? Will the salmon. or the whitefish and other native species, triumph in the end? And what of the waterless states fed by the shrinking Colorado River? There have always been plans to pipe Lake Superior out of Minnesota. When and how will our fellow Americans come for this vast, but finite, treasure? Taken for granted, spoiled, fished out, over-loved, will the Great Lakes survive us? Probably, in some form, but we could very well not survive their loss. So this book is on my MUST READ list. Suspenseful, superbly informative, crucial. I also love Egan's portraits of people working for and against the lakes -- a "World War II veteran named Vernon Applegate showed up and did what no creature in the past 360 million years had apparently been able to do. He got under the lamprey's skin. He figured out how it migrates and how it hides. How it feeds, how it breeds, and how it dies. And then he put a stake in it." If you don't know what a sea lamprey is, look it up. You are in for a treat. Bring this book to any lake this summer, any beach, and be grateful for Applegate." ~ Louise Erdrich

The Great Lakes--Erie, Huron, Michigan, Ontario and Superior--hold 20 percent of the world's supply of surface fresh water and provide sustenance, work and recreation for tens of millions of Americans. But they are under threat as never before, and their problems are spreading across the continent. The Death and Life of the Great Lakes is prize-winning reporter Dan Egan's compulsively readable portrait of an ecological catastrophe happening right before our eyes, blending the epic story of the lakes with an examination of the perils they face and the ways we can restore and preserve them for generations to come.

For thousands of years the pristine Great Lakes were separated from the Atlantic Ocean by the roaring Niagara Falls and from the Mississippi River basin by a "sub-continental divide." Beginning in the late 1800s, these barriers were circumvented to attract oceangoing freighters from the Atlantic and to allow Chicago's sewage to float out to the Mississippi. These were engineering marvels in their time--and the changes in Chicago arrested a deadly cycle of waterborne illnesses--but they have had horrendous unforeseen consequences. Egan provides a chilling account of how sea lamprey, zebra and quagga mussels and other invaders have made their way into the lakes, decimating native species and largely destroying the age-old ecosystem. And because the lakes are no longer isolated, the invaders now threaten water intake pipes, hydroelectric dams and other infrastructure across the country.

Egan also explores why outbreaks of toxic algae stemming from the overapplication of farm fertilizer have left massive biological "dead zones" that threaten the supply of fresh water. He examines fluctuations in the levels of the lakes caused by manmade climate change and overzealous dredging of shipping channels. And he reports on the chronic threats to siphon off Great Lakes water to slake drier regions of America or to be sold abroad.

In an age when dire problems like the Flint water crisis or the California drought bring ever more attention to the indispensability of safe, clean, easily available water, The Death and the Life of the Great Lakes is a powerful paean to what is arguably our most precious resource, an urgent examination of what threatens it and a convincing call to arms about the relatively simple things we need to do to protect it.

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